Myocardial infarction. Reasons and treatment methods
The most common heart disease is myocardial infarction. With this diagnosis, coronary artery bypass grafting is most often indicated. However, modern medicine offers other methods of restoring normal blood flow through venous vessels without complex open heart surgery, for example, minimally invasive angioplasty (from the Latin word invazio - attack, the ability to penetrate tissue).
Coronary artery bypass grafting
Coronary artery bypass grafting is an operation that allows you to restore blood flow in the arteries of the heart (coronary arteries) by bypassing the site of narrowing of the coronary vessel using shunts.
The success of the operation is very high. Most patients after coronary artery bypass grafting notice a significant improvement in the quality of life and enjoy the results of the operation for many more years.
Complications after coronary bypass surgery are minimal. An increased risk of complications is observed in patients suffering from bleeding disorders, inflammatory reactions and renal failure. Also, patients suffering from chronic pneumonia or poor left ventricular function have a higher risk of complications.
One of the main causes of a heart attack is clogged vessels. These vessels can be opened by inserting an ultrathin catheter through the inguinal vein and further to the heart. One of the important achievements is that the patient is only given local anesthesia, and the procedure itself is completely painless.
The catheter insertion procedure does not affect the functioning of the heart and does not deliver any pain to the patient. An inserted catheter examines the heart, a contrast agent is injected through it, which is determined by x-ray, and the picture of what is happening falls on computer screens. Thus, the doctor can see the condition of the vessels, and he can decide how to carry out the operation.
A microspray is introduced into the narrowing site, in which a pressure of 20 atmospheres is created, it swells in the vessel, stretches the narrowing, pressing plaques into the tissue.
All this time the patient is conscious, he can communicate with the doctor and with the medical staff. The very next day, a person returns to normal life. This operation does not entail any serious complications.
Hospitals in different countries for myocardial infarction treatment
Myocardial infarction is treated in many cardiology hospitals and medical centers around the world.
- Czech Republic
- South Korea