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Varicose veins - what is it? Causes, symptoms and treatment methods

Inside the venous vessels, through which blood flows from the lower limbs to the heart, there are valves that prevent backflow of blood. Varicose veins arise due to the malfunctioning of the valves, which causes a reverse flow of blood to the lower extremities, which in turn leads to the expansion of the venous walls.

As a result, protruding blood vessels of a bluish or burgundy color appear in the region of the legs and thighs. A similar condition in which blood vessels dilate and enlarge in the region of the legs and thighs is called varicose veins of the lower extremities.

Symptoms of varicose veins

  • pruritus
  • pain sensations
  • skin pigmentation
  • heaviness in the legs
  • puffiness
  • varicose ulcers
  • muscle spasms at night
  • asymptomatic course

Endovasal laser coagulation

Endovasal laser coagulation is the name of a modern minimally invasive method of treating varicose veins with a laser, with a low risk of complications and relapses. The essence of this technique lies in the direct action of laser radiation on the venous wall. The procedure begins with a skin puncture and the introduction of a laser fiber into the vein over the entire length of the affected part of the vein, the process of sclerotization (cauterization) occurs and the vessel is sealed as a result of thermal exposure.

In the case of a severe disease, the use of this type of treatment may be difficult. But at present, this method of treatment is the most popular method, after which scars do not remain, and rehabilitation is painless.


Surgical removal of damaged vein tissue after several small sizes under the groin and knee is one of the most definitive and less invasive procedures that require hospitalization and anesthesia, and scars for skin incision remain.

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